South Sudan has only been around for since 2011, but in that time they have had a lot of turmoil within the government. In 2011 the country officially gained independence. That independence brought on a war with Sudan at first with disputes over land in the border region. Although this dispute lasted for about a year that is not what sent this brand new country into a downward spiral.
The reason South Sudan has become somewhat of a hot topic is because of the civil war that has made this brand new state into one of the most fragile countries in the world. The civil war started in 2013 with President Salva Kiir accusing his VP Riek Machar of inciting a coup within his country. With this happening fighting erupted just a few days after this happening and spiraling the country into a bloody civil war. This has been going on for almost 2 years no with thousands of deaths and hundreds of thousands displaced from there homes and villages.
The first ceasefire was announced in January 2014, but did not last very long and fighting broke out once again. Once again in August of 2015 another ceasefire was brokered. Although this time it was different because the ceasefire was put together with the help of the UN, US, UK and other world powers. This Civil war has brought a new country to its knees, but after world powers stepped in to try and end the fighting that has seen ethnic cleansing, gang rapes, and child soldier recruitment come to an end. The ceasefire agreement was met with a firm warning from the UN that if the ceasefire was broken that sanctions would be put in place. This is a step in the right direction to make sure that both sides follow this ceasefire agreement after others have failed before to make it happen.
With this do you think that the ceasefire will stay in place since world powers and the UN helped negotiate it? Is this a step in the right direction for South Sudan or will this country just spiral into more fighting in the near future?