The Republic of the Union of Myanmar, also known as Burma, is a country in South east Asia located west of Thailand. Currently the country has held it’s first election where a new government will actually have the opportunity to be elected (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-34756381). While this is progress towards stability and peace for the country it’s past is filled with conflict.
After gaining independence from the United Kingdom in 1948 the first government faced conflict with mainly communist rebels and an ethnic group the Karen National Union. In 1962 a military coup led by General Ne Win took control of the government and ended the country’s parliamentary rule. Ne Win ruled for 26 years, during which many conflicts with rebels took place.
General Ne Win.
IN 1988 another military coup took place. The uprising was mainly political and many ethnic fighting groups such as the Karen National Union received no support from the new government. The most recent conflict was in early 2015 between the Myanmar Army and a rebel group the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army. In mid October an official cease-fire was signed between the government and many rebel groups (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/16/world/asia/myanmar-ceasefire-armed-ethnic-groups.html?_r=0). The cease-fire agreement was faced with much scrutiny as many of the rebel groups signing the agreement had stopped fighting for a long period of time and others claimed a cease-fire three weeks before elections was simply a political ploy (http://www.wsj.com/articles/myanmar-signs-cease-fire-with-several-rebel-groups-ahead-of-elections-1444892935).
Signing the cease-fire.