When a country, has had two civil wars and at least two genocides, there tends to be fear among the citizens of the country and also foreign countries concerning what the future holds for this country. An example country is the Republic of Burundi.
The Republic of Burundi as seen in the map above is located in East Africa with Rwanda to its north, Tanzania to its east and south and the Democratic Republic of Congo to it’s west. Burundi, has had two civil wars, and genocides in the 1970’s and also in the 1990’s that involved hundreds of thousands of death during the violence between the Tutsis and Hutus. These left the country as underdeveloped and the population as one of the poorest in the world.
Much has not been said of Burundi on the past years till the protest that started in April 2015 and has stretched till this very moment. This protest started when the ruling party announced Pierre Nkurunziza would run for a third term in office. Pierre Nkurunziza is the president of Burundi and has been in office since 2005. He ran for a third term and won the election in July 2015. the protest started as a result of the announcement that Nkurunziza will be running for a third term in office. The citizens felt it was not constitutionally right for him to do so and they took to the streets. On the 13th of may 2015 a coup attempt was made to overthrow him but it failed however. Knowing the amounts of death and violence this announcement caused, Nkunziza still decided to go ahead and run for election which he ended up winning.
The protest in Burundi did not stop but increased after Nkurunziza won the election. Several people have been killed and their bodies found on the streets or or by a dump. The discovery of dead bodies has become almost an every day experience in Burundi. The police have killed some people including the entire family of journalist. The killings are sometimes tit for tat. However sometimes it is random and very brutal. the police are killing and the protesters are doing the same.
The protest is not ethnic based, but there is the fear that it could become so due to the ethnic tension between the Tutsis and Hutus.
Due to the level of increase of the protest, hundreds of thousands have fled the country out of fear of the protest escalating, they have fled to neighboring countries or other towns in the country that is peaceful. People also fled because, the president gave those who have illegal weapons till Saturday November 7th 2015 to give them up otherwise security forces will use all means available to end the conflict and they fear what might happen after the deadline
The situation in Burundi is an example of political grievance. There is a necessity for the constitution to be obeyed to the letter without anyone being above the law. The president of Burundi ran for a third term and disregarded the constitution which made a lot of people upset and led to the violence that has been very deadly. The history of this country makes it easy to suspect that the possibility of another civil war is not far fetched which should be a concern to the world at large but it’s neighboring state especially.