Bosnian war, which is one of the tragic conflicts in 20th century, occurred after the Yugoslavia had been in unstable situation. There was a heroic leader in Yugoslavia, his name is Josip Broz Tito. In the age “the Cold War”, he did not ally with United States and Soviet Union and he became famous for one of the leaders of Non-Aligned Movement. Though Yugoslavia was a multi-ethnic country, consisted of mainly Serbians, Croatians, and Bosniaks, there were few ethnic conflicts in the country because of his charismatic governing and bargaining. However, there are some arguments whether Tito’s governing or bargaining was a right way because one of the severest civil war occurred in this region after Tito’s death.
As I stated above, disintegration of Yugoslavia progressed after Tito had died. Yugoslavia was mainly comprised with Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Croatia and Kosovo. Bosnian War occurred after the declaration of Independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992. According to the article “BOSNIAN GENOCIDE”, Serbians in Bosnia “wanted to be part of a dominant Serbian state in the Balkans–the “Greater Serbia” that Serbian separatists had long envisioned”. After the declaration of independence, Serbian forces attacked Sarajevo. Thus, the huge disputes that continued about 3 years broke out. One of the famous tragic event is the Srebrenica Massacre, which is the accident that Army of Republika Srpska consisting of mainly Serbia people attacked the places that UN designated as safe-districts. Due to their attack, about eight thousands Bosniaks were killed in the area. It is also reported that there were massive acts of rapes and abuse of civilians during this attack. This accident was later regarded as the crimes against humanity and genocide by International Criminal Court (ICC). Finally, the Civil War ended with peace treaty and it was decided that Bosnia and Herzegovina consisted of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina with Croatians and Bosniaks, and Republika Srpska with Serbians.
In classes and readings, we learned that there are a lot of cases that some civil wars were caused by economic reasons, like natural resources and human traffic. However, I want to state that grievance from ethnicity could be still major and strong causes of the civil war and that it would be difficult to deal with the disputes if civil war concerning ethnic cleansing occurred, because it would be not easy to stop and the damages in the future would be really significant.