The conflict in Yemen has been going on for a relatively short amount of time when compared to other conflicts. About a month ago, an article from BBC News discussed how Houthi rebels confirmed their agreement to a seven point peace plan set up by the United Nations. The Houthis are members of a rebel group, also known as Ansar Allah (Partisans of God), who follow a branch of Shia Islam known as Zaidism. The peace plan includes the seven Muscat principles, which include a ceasefire, the removal of armed militias from the cities and the return of the government to the capital, Sanaa. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are on side of government forces which has caused some difficulty in the process of attaining peace. Saudi airstrikes have injured many and have killed a lot of civilians. These airstrikes were potentially unlawful; it could amount to potentially being called war crimes. As we have learned in class, rule of law is important to follow. Apart from there being potentially being war crimes, people in general ask why there is fighting in Yemen. The answer points toward Houthis, backed by forces loyal to Yemen’s ex-president, taking over parts of Yemen, including Sanaa, and that forced the government into exile in March.
Yemen’s government is being accused of corruption. Instability and large-scale displacement, as well as weak governance, corruption, resource depletion and poor infrastructure, have slowed development in the poorest country in the Middle East. In class, we discussed factors that might lead to civil war in a country. Grievances that people have towards the government can become so extreme that it leads for people to go up against their government. Corruption over a long period of time can lead for anger and angst to grow among citizens of a country, especially if people are going through extremely tough economic time. Corruption, religious tensions and other factors have all played a role in the conflict in Yemen. It is critical to inform others about the conflict in Yemen because it is not as publicized as the conflict in Syria. An opinion article from the Guardian makes commentary on how it seems like the conflict has not been improved and how the United States has turned a blind eye to the war crimes being committed. As we discussed in class, foreign intervention could make an impact in how long a conflict lasts. There is no way of knowing when it will end but, one can only hope it ends as quick as possible. What are your thoughts on what is happening in Yemen? When do you think it will end?