Lasting peace after Israel and Egypt Agreement?


Is it possible to establish peace after decades of fighting over land and resources? Well, after thirty years of fighting and being unfriendly neighbors tensions of conflict have been abolished when Egypt and Israel signed a formal peace treaty. Under the treaty, Israel will withdraw its military forces and civilians from the Sinai Peninsula in stages over three years. Two-thirds of the area will be returned within nine months, after formal ratification documents are exchanged. (Gwertzman, 2010) In return, Egypt will recognize Israel as a state. Palestinians were also granted the right to some self-determination. The United Nations has made a commitment to arrange peacekeeping forces in the area and stop terrorist aggression against Israel by Hezbollah. The disengagement from Gaza followed international assurances that Hamas and other terror groups would be prevented from gaining access to arms via the Sinai. (Taub, 2015) The United States also acted as a third party, promising security and an oil supply in return for lasting peace.

This agreement was reached with three main keys actors,which are, President Anwar el-Sadat of Egypt, Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel, and President Carter of the United States of America. They had first started to negotiate at Camp David which set up the structure for this historic peace agreement after several wars throughout time. peace agreement

Although this was signed in 1979, it has still held up in today’s society. This is however not without multiple flaws that could eventually lead to further conflict. First, the people in Egypt are not very interested in having positive relations with Israel. They do not agree with the fathom of not being able to help Syria or Jordan in times of trying to regain territory. “President Sadat died for his decision to shake hands with Israel, assassinated in 1981 by extremists in the Egyptian army opposed to the treaty.” (BBC, 2005) They were so against keeping this arrangement that they revolted and killed their own leader!

Also, based on teachings from class states sometimes return to war when they want to renegotiate the terms of settlement. This is especially seen when a third party has interrupted with intentions to cease the conflict. The UN coming in and putting pressure on them could lead to a future conflict. They also have to worry that if the United States stops with funding then they could experience an economic downfall which would create a large incentive to return to war for resources. A failed status of mediation will can easily cause a country to enter conflict. International organization support can lead to war and if that support lowers the costs of going to war then it’s more likely that it will ultimately occur. This can be a primary repercussion of each country gaining a high winning coalition with a small selectorate making them desire to be more aggressive for resources.



5 thoughts on “Lasting peace after Israel and Egypt Agreement?

  1. Conflict between Egypt and Israel is inevitable. It seems that both opponents think that they can get a better deal from going to war again and that can result in the failure of their peace agreement. Also according to Werner, belligerents have a struggle with enforcement problems and may often fall back into war because they cant trust each other to keep the terms and agreement.This PA should have had higher cost for defection and more monitoring from the U.S. since it served as a third party to negotiating peace between Egypt and Israel.However, cease-fires that come about as a consequence of third party pressure, are significantly more likely to fail than cease-fires that come about without such external intervention. The key to peace would be for Egypt and Israel is for them to share similar beliefs about the likely outcome of the war and that a settlement term can reflect those beliefs.


  2. I agree with your reasons that Egypt and Israel could fight in the future though there are peace agreements. Also, there are some groups which caused the instability in these regions and was originated in Egypt. One of the basic groups is Muslim Brotherhood. This group’s belief is the Sunni fundamentalist that has strict rules and does not tolerate other religions, for instance, Christian and Shiia groups. This group was established during 1920’s but it became weak because of the President Nasser’s crackdown on them. However, the survivors of Muslim Brotherhood went outside the Egypt and spread their ideas alongside Wahhabi groups, another strong Muslim group. You can see the influences of Muslim Brotherhood in the group “Hamas”, one of the groups in Egypt attacking Israel. Therefore, we can definitely see the complex struggles in the Middle East. It would be really difficult to deal with these issues.


  3. I think that even though the peace treaty was signed by both states violence could still break out. Even though peacekeeping forces are being kept around to help make sure Hezbollah doesn’t cause problems, I think that the peacekeeping forces would not be able to do much if they started to deal with heavy fire or a large amount of attacks from Hezbollah.


  4. I agree with the above replies. I do think that there could be another outbreak of violence between these two states eventually. Each state might feel like they could get more from war, but then the question is why haven’t they done that yet. If either state feels like they could get more from war why haven’t they done that. It could possibly be because they do have a good deal right now and that both states are doing well off of the peace treaty that is in place, and maybe they are looking for a time when the other state is weaker.


  5. Israel is a country surrounded by people who would rather have it not exist. Jordan’s move towards a more secular government will help take off some pressure but tensions will certainly remain as the people of the country will still hold on to their hate. Egypt is arguably the most stable of all Israels neighbors but in the last 5 years it has been a country going through many changes and it’s tough to tell how stable it will remain.


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