Is it possible to establish peace after decades of fighting over land and resources? Well, after thirty years of fighting and being unfriendly neighbors tensions of conflict have been abolished when Egypt and Israel signed a formal peace treaty. Under the treaty, Israel will withdraw its military forces and civilians from the Sinai Peninsula in stages over three years. Two-thirds of the area will be returned within nine months, after formal ratification documents are exchanged. (Gwertzman, 2010) In return, Egypt will recognize Israel as a state. Palestinians were also granted the right to some self-determination. The United Nations has made a commitment to arrange peacekeeping forces in the area and stop terrorist aggression against Israel by Hezbollah. The disengagement from Gaza followed international assurances that Hamas and other terror groups would be prevented from gaining access to arms via the Sinai. (Taub, 2015) The United States also acted as a third party, promising security and an oil supply in return for lasting peace.
This agreement was reached with three main keys actors,which are, President Anwar el-Sadat of Egypt, Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel, and President Carter of the United States of America. They had first started to negotiate at Camp David which set up the structure for this historic peace agreement after several wars throughout time.
Although this was signed in 1979, it has still held up in today’s society. This is however not without multiple flaws that could eventually lead to further conflict. First, the people in Egypt are not very interested in having positive relations with Israel. They do not agree with the fathom of not being able to help Syria or Jordan in times of trying to regain territory. “President Sadat died for his decision to shake hands with Israel, assassinated in 1981 by extremists in the Egyptian army opposed to the treaty.” (BBC, 2005) They were so against keeping this arrangement that they revolted and killed their own leader!
Also, based on teachings from class states sometimes return to war when they want to renegotiate the terms of settlement. This is especially seen when a third party has interrupted with intentions to cease the conflict. The UN coming in and putting pressure on them could lead to a future conflict. They also have to worry that if the United States stops with funding then they could experience an economic downfall which would create a large incentive to return to war for resources. A failed status of mediation will can easily cause a country to enter conflict. International organization support can lead to war and if that support lowers the costs of going to war then it’s more likely that it will ultimately occur. This can be a primary repercussion of each country gaining a high winning coalition with a small selectorate making them desire to be more aggressive for resources.