In these days, we learned in classes how countries or international organizations try to create peaces through bargaining and treaties. In this post, I want to show how some non governmental organizations can contribute to creating peace, especially ICRC, International Committee of Red Cross, because in my opinion, these non state actors appears to have an important influence on creating humanitarian norms in the world.
ICRC has a long history and international reputations for helping the people in critical situations. It has addressed a lot of problems since the establishment of ICRC aiming at saving the people’s lives, regardless of allies or adversaries. In many conflicts which occurred in the past, ICRC had a great deal of work, such as providing water, food, and shelters for people, offering health care for people who are ill and got injured, addressing the problems of sexual violence in dangerous places, and so on.
However, there have been great difficulties in intervening the civil war, like in the case of civil war in Bosnia and Helzegovina. Though the casualties were not so higher than other cases, for instance Rwandan civil war or Somali civil war, in this case, massacres occurred in the safety areas UN designated and some people from ICRC died. Also as we learned in the class’s readings, there are some findings that interventions by the third party could prolong the war. Although their roles seems to be limited, personally I think that these activities have exactly a big effect on creating some norms and important notions. In these days, there are some arguments that Human Security, in contrast to National Securities, is crucial for the people living near the battle areas. Even if there had not been these activities like ICRC and MSF, it would not have been such a famous notion in the world. Also some countries, like Canada, have a policy for the Human Security to address the conflicts occurring over the world and these ideas have spread globally.
Do you think that these Non Governmental Organization have positive impacts on creating peace, or national governments still have great powers?