Yemen, is an Arab country located in southwest Asia and it is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian sea to the south, the Red sea to the west and Oman to the east. the capital of Saudi Arabia is called Sanaa. However since the city has been under the control of the Houthis, the capital was temporarily moved to the port of Aden. Over the past couple months, there has been a major conflict in Yemen that has been pushing the country to “the edge of a civil war” as stated by UN’s special adviser. the war in this country took off majorly after the Houthis rebel group took over the capital city of Sanaa and placed their own governing council in January. the ousted president Hadi fled the country and requested help. A coalition led by Saudi Arabia responded to the request and launched airstrikes on the Houthis.
Due to this takeover, there were a lot of worries concerning the al-Qaeda group in Yemen. This group was seen as the most dangerous due to its Technical expertise. The US had been carrying out operations on this group such as drone strikes with the help of the ousted president but with the Houthis taking over, that operation has been scaled back.
Yemen was already a struggling country. However this conflict has increased the struggles of Yemen. There has been an increase in those requiring humanitarian aid by 33 percent since 2014, also those without safe drinking water has increased by 52 percent since march. Yemen has been plagued by poverty and lack of a good government.
Since the takeover there has been constant bombings on a daily basis in Sanaa. The UN estimates that over 5,000 civilians have been killed. The effort of the coalition has been supported by Britain and the US. both countries have provided technical support and also sold arms to Saudi Arabia.
On October 6th however, the Houthis rebels confirmed in writing to commit to the UN peace plan. this means that the armed groups will redraw and government will return to end this entire conflict.