As you all may know the current state of the Middle East is of major concern to not only the countries in the Middle East but for the world. Of course the major problem in the last few days is the Syrian refugee crisis as well as the Islamic States continued campaign of terror. In order to understand what is going on in the Middle East it is important to know that the Middle East has for hundreds of years been a hot zone for violence between different cultures, tribes with different ethnic backgrounds, Sunni and Shiite Islam, and countries fighting over resources and trade routes.
The main question today is why do these proxy wars continue to persist in the Middle East. One answer to this question is the continued funding of proxy wars by countries such as Iran and Saudi Arabia. Countries will most likely continue to fund these proxy as long as they gain power by doing so, for instance if one country funds a particular group and that side is victorious, that country then gains power in the region. Another major reason why violence and terror persists in the Middle East is because of the ongoing civil wars in the region mainly Syria, Libya, and Yemen. Ultimately it is the civil wars that are creating floods of refugees, spawning terror groups and brewing the Sunni Shiite conflict. Ending these civil should be first and foremost, unless we do this new terror groups will organize and more and more refugees will flee the middle east.
Of course it is hard not to mention oil when talking about the violence in the middle east. oil in the middle east has enticed many global powers since the early nineteen hundreds especially the United States. U.S. support for major oil producing countries and their rulers has created a very fragile balance of power which has resulted in external and internal conflicts which have continued to be a major problem in the region. Below I have posted a graph of the different kinds of conflicts in the middle east from 1946-2006.