The recent up rise in Hong Kong in regards to its “one country, two systems” Policy. Hong Kong has belonged to since China resumed sovereignty in 1999. Unlike the remainder of China, Hong Kong maintains an independent judiciary. Citizens are governed by a mini constitution. This grants them basic civil liberties, such as freedom of speech. This recent rise up has emerged from large concern that Beijing will eventually eliminate the two-system model in Hong Kong and impose communist ideologies on their people. It seems to the protest is growing and gaining more support. This sort of uprising is a threat to China’s government. Many are speculating the position the United States will take on this particular issue. US secretary of state John Kerry on Wednesday calls for Hong Kong to show restraint toward pro-democracy protesters. Tensions have grown throughout the years between the two states, and this could eventually turn out to another war that deals with distribution of power. The last thing the American people need is another situation like cold war.
A great deal of the issue has been blamed upon the Hong Kong current chief executive, Leung Chun-Ying. He was appointed by the Beijing government, and are relying on him to suppress the pro-democracy protests. In regards to Leung, Jin Zhong, editor of open magazine stated, “The biggest problem the Hong Kong people have against Leung Chun-Ying is that he was not democratically elected,” said Jin Zhong, editor of Open Magazine, a Hong Kong publication on politics and society. “The Hong Kong people see him as a puppet of the party. He’s very close to the party, and so are his policies.” Leung has acknowledged the fact this issue will be going on for quite some time. Leung continues to stand firm though and shows no interest in allowing a true democracy to flourish in Hong Kong. He stands as a middleman between the Hong Kong people and the Beijing government. Many question whether the Chinese government plans to sacrifice him and his position to appease the people.
This issue brings up the concern of the cold war known as polarity, which focuses on the distribution of power. Before the Cold war began in in 1945, the United States was labeled as being a unipolar system in which one state exercises most of the cultural, economic, and military influence. One can rationalize that the United States for a long period of time was still considered a unipolar system. Many fear that the issue in Hong Kong is going to be war between bipolar systems. We viewed an example of this between the United States and Russia during the Cold War. China has been labeled as being effective in increasing its power in the international community. It has had a significant role in large corporations of the United States. Many corporations such as Apple have taken their business to China. The majority of U.S products are made and exported from China. So in other words participating in the political dispute between Hong Kong and China can negatively impact the United States economy and business markets.
For many years now, optimists have seen Hong Kong’s present as China’s future. Hong Kong’s political system is supposed to be a guide for a liberalizing China. According to the Washington Post, this issue will test whether that narrative has any truth or if the former British colony will remain a thorny exception to a Chinese leadership wholly bent on consolidating its grip on power.The Dispute in Hong Kong will ultimately demonstrate in what direction the relationship between the U.S and China will take, and whether the U.S will have a new International Power to compete with in the future.